SaltStack常用的模块

1. SaltStack模块介绍

Module是日常使用SaltStack接触最多的一个组件,其用于管理对象操作,这也是SaltStack通过Push的方式进行管理的入口,比如我们日常简单的执行命令、查看包安装情况、查看服务运行情况等工作都是通过SaltStack Module来实现的。

当安装好Master和Minion包后,系统上会安装很多Module,大家可以通过以下命令查看支持的所有Module列表:

//查看所有module列表
[root@master ~]# salt '192.168.69.202' sys.list_modules
192.168.69.202:
    - acl
    - aliases
    - alternatives
    - archive
    - artifactory
    - blockdev
    - btrfs
    - buildout
    - cloud
    - cmd
    - composer
    - config
    - 此处省略N行

//查看指定module的所有function
[root@master ~]# salt '192.168.69.202' sys.list_functions cmd
192.168.69.202:
    - cmd.exec_code
    - cmd.exec_code_all
    - cmd.has_exec
    - cmd.retcode
    - cmd.run
    - cmd.run_all
    - cmd.run_chroot
    - cmd.run_stderr
    - cmd.run_stdout
    - cmd.script
    - cmd.script_retcode
    - cmd.shell
    - cmd.shells
    - cmd.tty
    - cmd.which
    - cmd.which_bin

//查看指定module的用法
[root@master ~]# salt '192.168.69.202' sys.doc cmd
'cmd.exec_code:'

    Pass in two strings, the first naming the executable language, aka -
    python2, python3, ruby, perl, lua, etc. the second string containing
    the code you wish to execute. The stdout will be returned.

    CLI Example:

        salt '*' cmd.exec_code ruby 'puts "cheese"' 
...此处省略N行...


//SaltStack默认也支持一次执行多个Module,Module之间通过逗号隔开,默认传参之间也是用逗号分隔,也支持指定传参分隔符号--args-separator=@即可
[root@master ~]# salt '192.168.69.202' test.echo,cmd.run,service.status hello,hostname,salt-minion
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    cmd.run:
        minion
    service.status:
        True
    test.echo:
        hello

2. SaltStack常用模块

2.1 SaltStack常用模块之network

2.1.1 network.active_tcp

返回所有活动的tcp连接

[root@master ~]# salt '*' network.active_tcp
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    0:
        ----------
        local_addr:
            ::
        local_port:
            80
        remote_addr:
            ::
        remote_port:
            0
    1:
        ----------
        local_addr:
            ::
        local_port:
            22
        remote_addr:
            ::
        remote_port:
            0
    2:
        ----------
        local_addr:
            ::1
        local_port:
            25
        remote_addr:
            ::
        remote_port:
            0
    3:
        ----------
        local_addr:
            ::
        local_port:
            873
        remote_addr:
            ::
        remote_port:
            0
    4:
        ----------
        local_addr:
            192.168.69.202
        local_port:
            43640
        remote_addr:
            192.168.69.201
        remote_port:
            4505

2.1.2 network.calc_net

通过IP和子网掩码计算出网段

[root@master ~]# salt '*' network.calc_net 192.168.69.202 255.255.255.0
192.168.69.202:
    192.168.69.0/24
    
[root@master ~]# salt '*' network.calc_net 192.168.69.202 255.255.255.240
192.168.69.202:
    192.168.69.192/28
 ```

####2.1.3network.connect

测试minion至某一台服务器的网络是否连通
            

[root@master ~]# salt '*' network.connect baidu.com 80
192.168.69.202:
----------
comment:
Successfully connected to baidu.com (123.125.115.110) on tcp port 80
result:
True
```

2.1.4 network.default_route

查看默认路由

[root@master ~]# salt '*' network.default_route
192.168.69.202:
    |_
      ----------
      addr_family:
          inet
      destination:
          0.0.0.0
      flags:
          UG
      gateway:
          192.168.69.1
      interface:
          ens32
      netmask:
          0.0.0.0
    |_
      ----------
      addr_family:
          inet6
      destination:
          ::/0
      flags:
          !n
      gateway:
          ::
      interface:
          lo
      netmask:
    |_
      ----------
      addr_family:
          inet6
      destination:
          ::/0
      flags:
          !n
      gateway:
          ::
      interface:
          lo
      netmask:

2.1.5 network.get_fqdn

查看主机的fqdn(完全限定域名)

[root@master ~]# salt '*' network.get_fqdn
192.168.69.202:
    minion

2.1.6 network.get_hostname

获取主机名

[root@master ~]# salt '*' network.get_hostname
192.168.69.202:
    minion

2.1.7 network.get_route

查询到一个目标网络的路由信息

[root@master ~]# salt '*' network.get_route 192.168.70.200
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    destination:
        192.168.70.200
    gateway:
        192.168.69.1
    interface:
        ens32
    source:
        192.168.69.202

2.1.8 network.hw_addr

返回指定网卡的MAC地址

[root@master ~]# salt '*' network.hw_addr ens32
192.168.69.202:
    00:0c:29:d8:05:54

2.1.9 network.ifacestartswith

从特定CIDR检索接口名称

[root@master ~]# salt '*' network.ifacestartswith 192.168
192.168.69.202:
    - ens32

2.1.10 network.in_subnet

判断当前主机是否在某一个网段内

[root@master ~]# salt '*' network.in_subnet 192.168.69.0/24
192.168.69.202:
    True

2.1.11 network.interface

返回指定网卡的信息

[root@master ~]# salt '*' network.interface ens32
192.168.69.202:
    |_
      ----------
      address:
          192.168.69.202
      broadcast:
          192.168.69.255
      label:
          ens32
      netmask:
          255.255.255.0

2.1.12 network.interface_ip

返回指定网卡的IP地址

[root@master ~]# salt '*' network.interface_ip ens32
192.168.69.202:
    192.168.69.202

2.1.13 network.interfaces

返回当前系统中所有的网卡信息

[root@master ~]# salt '*' network.interfaces
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    ens32:
        ----------
        hwaddr:
            00:0c:29:d8:05:54
        inet:
            |_
              ----------
              address:
                  192.168.69.202
              broadcast:
                  192.168.69.255
              label:
                  ens32
              netmask:
                  255.255.255.0
        inet6:
            |_
              ----------
              address:
                  fe80::6860:c429:1c06:1639
              prefixlen:
                  64
              scope:
                  link
        up:
            True
    lo:
        ----------
        hwaddr:
            00:00:00:00:00:00
        inet:
            |_
              ----------
              address:
                  127.0.0.1
              broadcast:
                  None
              label:
                  lo
              netmask:
                  255.0.0.0
        inet6:
            |_
              ----------
              address:
                  ::1
              prefixlen:
                  128
              scope:
                  host
        up:
            True

2.1.14 network.ip_addrs

返回一个IPv4的地址列表
该函数将会忽略掉127.0.0.1的地址

[root@master ~]# salt '*' network.ip_addrs
192.168.69.202:
    - 192.168.69.202

2.1.15 network.netstat

返回所有打开的端口和状态

[root@master ~]# salt '*' network.netstat
192.168.69.202:
    |_
      ----------
      inode:
          20245
      local-address:
          0.0.0.0:22
      program:
          1155/sshd
      proto:
          tcp
      recv-q:
          0
      remote-address:
          0.0.0.0:*
      send-q:
          0
      state:
          LISTEN
      user:
          0
    |_
      ----------
      inode:
          14152
      local-address:
          127.0.0.1:25
      program:
          1386/master
      proto:
          tcp
      recv-q:
          0
      remote-address:
          0.0.0.0:*
      send-q:
          0
      state:
          LISTEN
      user:
          0
    |_
      ----------
      inode:
          142715
      local-address:
          0.0.0.0:873
      program:
          54664/rsync
      proto:
          tcp
      recv-q:
          0
      remote-address:
          0.0.0.0:*
      send-q:
          0
      state:
          LISTEN
      user:
          0
    |_
      ----------
      inode:
          498916
      local-address:
          192.168.69.202:22
      program:
          9388/sshd:
      proto:
          tcp
      recv-q:
          0
      remote-address:
          192.168.160.25:57723
      send-q:
          0
      state:
          ESTABLISHED
      user:
          0
    |_
      ----------
      inode:
          339297
      local-address:
          192.168.69.202:43640
      program:
          9407/python
      proto:
          tcp
      recv-q:
          0
      remote-address:
          192.168.69.201:4505
      send-q:
          0
      state:
          ESTABLISHED
      user:
          0
    |_
      ----------
      inode:
          324060
      local-address:
          :::80
      program:
          24889/httpd
      proto:
          tcp6
      recv-q:
          0
      remote-address:
          :::*
      send-q:
          0
      state:
          LISTEN
      user:
          0
    |_
      ----------
      inode:
          20247
      local-address:
          :::22
      program:
          1155/sshd
      proto:
          tcp6
      recv-q:
          0
      remote-address:
          :::*
      send-q:
          0
      state:
          LISTEN
      user:
          0
    |_
      ----------
      inode:
          14153
      local-address:
          ::1:25
      program:
          1386/master
      proto:
          tcp6
      recv-q:
          0
      remote-address:
          :::*
      send-q:
          0
      state:
          LISTEN
      user:
          0
    |_
      ----------
      inode:
          142716
      local-address:
          :::873
      program:
          54664/rsync
      proto:
          tcp6
      recv-q:
          0
      remote-address:
          :::*
      send-q:
          0
      state:
          LISTEN
      user:
          0

2.1.16 network.ping

使用ping命令测试到某主机的连通性

[root@master ~]# salt '*' network.ping baidu.com
192.168.69.202:
    PING baidu.com (220.181.57.216) 56(84) bytes of data.
    64 bytes from 220.181.57.216 (220.181.57.216): icmp_seq=1 ttl=43 time=42.7 ms
    64 bytes from 220.181.57.216 (220.181.57.216): icmp_seq=2 ttl=43 time=50.6 ms
    64 bytes from 220.181.57.216 (220.181.57.216): icmp_seq=3 ttl=43 time=42.7 ms
    64 bytes from 220.181.57.216 (220.181.57.216): icmp_seq=4 ttl=43 time=42.7 ms

    --- baidu.com ping statistics ---
    4 packets transmitted, 4 received, 0% packet loss, time 3005ms
    rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 42.720/44.709/50.652/3.437 ms

2.1.17 network.reverse_ip

返回一个指定的IP地址的反向地址

[root@master ~]# salt '*' network.reverse_ip 192.168.69.30
192.168.69.202:
    30.69.168.192.in-addr.arpa

2.2 SaltStack常用模块之service

2.2.1 service.available

判断指定的服务是否可用

[root@master ~]# salt '*' service.available sshd
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' service.available vsftpd
192.168.69.202:
    False

2.2.2 service.get_all

获取所有正在运行的服务

[root@master ~]# salt '*' service.get_all
192.168.69.202:
    - NetworkManager
    - NetworkManager-dispatcher
    - NetworkManager-wait-online
    - arp-ethers
    - auditd
    - autovt@
    - basic.target
    - blk-availability
    - bluetooth.target
    - brandbot
    - brandbot.path
    - console-getty
    - console-shell
    - container-getty@
    - cpupower
    - crond
    - 此处省略N行

2.2.3 service.disabled

检查指定服务是否开机不自动启动

[root@master ~]# salt '*' service.disabled httpd
192.168.69.202:
    False

2.2.4 service.enabled

检查指定服务是否开机自动启动

[root@master ~]# salt '*' service.enabled httpd
192.168.69.202:
    True

2.2.5 service.disable

设置指定服务开机不自动启动

[root@master ~]# salt '*' service.disable httpd
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' service.enabled httpd
192.168.69.202:
    False

2.2.6 service.enable

设置指定服务开机自动启动

[root@master ~]# salt '*' service.enable httpd
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' service.enabled httpd
192.168.69.202:
    True
    ```
####2.2.7 service.reload

重新加载指定服务

[root@master ~]# salt '*' service.reload httpd
192.168.69.202:
True
```

2.2.8 service.stop

停止指定服务

[root@master ~]# salt '*' service.stop httpd
192.168.69.202:
    True

2.2.9 service.start

启动指定服务

[root@master ~]# salt '*' service.start httpd
192.168.69.202:
    True

2.2.10 service.restart

重启指定服务

[root@master ~]# salt '*' service.restart httpd
192.168.69.202:
    True

2.2.11 service.status

查看指定服务的状态

[root@master ~]# salt '*' service.status httpd
192.168.69.202:
    True

2.3 SaltStack常用模块之pkg

2.3.1 pkg.download

只下载软件包但不安装
此功能将会下载指定的软件包,但是需要在minion端安装yum-utils,可以使用 cmd.run 进行远程安装

[root@master ~]# salt '*' pkg.download wget
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    wget:
        /var/cache/yum/packages/wget-1.14-18.el7.x86_64.rpm     //下载好的软件放在这里

2.3.2 pkg.file_list

列出指定包或系统中已安装的所有包的文件

//列出已安装的apache软件包提供的所有文件
[root@master ~]# salt '*' pkg.file_list httpd
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    errors:
    files:
        - /etc/httpd
        - /etc/httpd/conf
        - /etc/httpd/conf.d
        - /etc/httpd/conf.d/README
        - /etc/httpd/conf.d/autoindex.conf
        - /etc/httpd/conf.d/userdir.conf
        - /etc/httpd/conf.d/welcome.conf
        - /etc/httpd/conf.modules.d
        - /etc/httpd/conf.modules.d/00-base.conf
        - /etc/httpd/conf.modules.d/00-dav.conf
        - /etc/httpd/conf.modules.d/00-lua.conf
        - /etc/httpd/conf.modules.d/00-mpm.conf
        - /etc/httpd/conf.modules.d/00-proxy.conf
        - /etc/httpd/conf.modules.d/00-systemd.conf
        - /etc/httpd/conf.modules.d/01-cgi.conf
        - /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

//当不提供参数时,将会列出当前系统中所有已安装软件的文件列表
[root@master ~]# salt '*' pkg.file_list
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    errors:
    files:
        - /lib/kbd/keymaps/legacy
        - /lib/kbd/keymaps/legacy/amiga
        - /lib/kbd/keymaps/legacy/amiga/amiga-de.map.gz
        - /lib/kbd/keymaps/legacy/amiga/amiga-us.map.gz
        - /lib/kbd/keymaps/legacy/atari
        - /lib/kbd/keymaps/legacy/atari/atari-de.map.gz
        - /lib/kbd/keymaps/legacy/atari/atari-se.map.gz
        - /lib/kbd/keymaps/legacy/atari/atari-uk-falcon.map.gz
        - /lib/kbd/keymaps/legacy/atari/atari-us.map.gz
        - /lib/kbd/keymaps/legacy/i386
        - /lib/kbd/keymaps/legacy/i386/azerty
        - /lib/kbd/keymaps/legacy/i386/azerty/azerty.map.gz
        - /lib/kbd/keymaps/legacy/i386/azerty/be-latin1.map.gz
        - /lib/kbd/keymaps/legacy/i386/azerty/fr-latin0.map.gz
        - /lib/kbd/keymaps/legacy/i386/azerty/fr-latin1.map.gz
        - /lib/kbd/keymaps/legacy/i386/azerty/fr-latin9.map.gz

2.3.3 pkg.group_info

查看包组的信息

[root@master ~]# salt '*' pkg.group_info 'Development Tools'
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    conditional:
    default:
        - byacc
        - cscope
        - ctags
        - diffstat
        - doxygen
        - elfutils
        - gcc-gfortran
        - git
        - indent
        - intltool
        - patchutils
        - rcs
        - subversion
        - swig
        - systemtap
    description:
        A basic development environment.
    group:
        Development Tools
    id:
        development
    mandatory:
        - autoconf
        - automake
        - binutils
        - bison
        - flex
        - gcc
        - gcc-c++
        - gettext
        - libtool
        - make
        - patch
        - pkgconfig
        - redhat-rpm-config
        - rpm-build
        - rpm-sign
    optional:
        - ElectricFence
        - ant
        - babel
        - bzr
        - chrpath
        - cmake
        - compat-gcc-44
        - compat-gcc-44-c++
        - cvs
        - dejagnu
        - expect
        - gcc-gnat
        - gcc-objc
        - gcc-objc++
        - imake
        - javapackages-tools
        - ksc
        - libstdc++-docs
        - mercurial
        - mod_dav_svn
        - nasm
        - perltidy
        - python-docs
        - rpmdevtools
        - rpmlint
        - systemtap-sdt-devel
        - systemtap-server
    type:
        package group

2.3.4 pkg.group_list

列出系统中所有的包组

[root@master ~]# salt '*' pkg.group_list
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    available:
        - Additional Development
        - Anaconda Tools
        - Backup Client
        - Backup Server
        - Base
        - CentOS Linux Client product core
        - CentOS Linux ComputeNode product core
        - CentOS Linux Server product core
        - CentOS Linux Workstation product core
        - Common NetworkManager submodules
        - Compatibility Libraries
        - Conflicts (Client)
        - Conflicts (ComputeNode)
        - Conflicts (Server)
        - Conflicts (Workstation)
        - Console Internet Tools
        - Core
        - DNS Name Server
        - Debugging Tools
        - Desktop Debugging and Performance Tools
        - Development Tools
        - Dial-up Networking Support
        - Directory Client
        - Directory Server
        - E-mail Server
        - Emacs
        - FTP Server
        - File and Storage Server
        - Fonts
        - GNOME
        - GNOME Applications
        - Graphical Administration Tools
        - Graphics Creation Tools
        - Guest Agents
        - Guest Desktop Agents
        - Hardware Monitoring Utilities
        - High Availability
        - Hyper-v platform specific packages
        - Identity Management Server
        - Infiniband Support
        - Input Methods
        - Internet Applications
        - Internet Browser
        - Java Platform
        - KDE
        - KDE Applications
        - KDE Multimedia Support
        - KVM platform specific packages
        - Large Systems Performance
        - Legacy UNIX Compatibility
        - Legacy X Window System Compatibility
        - Load Balancer
        - Mainframe Access
        - MariaDB Database Client
        - MariaDB Database Server
        - Multimedia
        - Network File System Client
        - Network Infrastructure Server
        - Networking Tools
        - Office Suite and Productivity
        - PHP Support
        - Performance Tools
        - Perl Support
        - Perl for Web
        - Platform Development
        - PostgreSQL Database Client
        - PostgreSQL Database Server
        - Print Server
        - Printing Client
        - Python
        - Remote Desktop Clients
        - Remote Management for Linux
        - Resilient Storage
        - Ruby Support
        - Scientific Support
        - Security Tools
        - Smart Card Support
        - System Administration Tools
        - System Management
        - Technical Writing
        - VMware platform specific packages
        - Virtualization Client
        - Virtualization Hypervisor
        - Virtualization Platform
        - Virtualization Tools
        - Web Server
        - Web Servlet Engine
        - X Window System
    available environments:
        - Minimal Install
        - Compute Node
        - Infrastructure Server
        - File and Print Server
        - Basic Web Server
        - Virtualization Host
        - Server with GUI
        - GNOME Desktop
        - KDE Plasma Workspaces
        - Development and Creative Workstation
    available languages:
        ----------
    installed:
    installed environments:

2.3.5 pkg.install

安装软件

[root@master ~]# salt '*' pkg.install wget
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    wget:
        ----------
        new:
            1.14-18.el7
        old:

2.3.6 pkg.list_downloaded

列出已下载到本地的软件包

[root@master ~]# salt '*' pkg.list_downloaded
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    wget:
        ----------
        1.14-18.el7:
            ----------
            creation_date_time:
                2019-02-22T17:11:52
            creation_date_time_t:
                1550826712
            path:
                /var/cache/yum/packages/wget-1.14-18.el7.x86_64.rpm
            size:
                560152

2.3.7 pkg.list_pkgs

以字典的方式列出当前已安装的软件包

[root@master ~]# salt '*' pkg.list_pkgs
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    GeoIP:
        1.5.0-11.el7
    NetworkManager:
        1:1.8.0-9.el7
    NetworkManager-libnm:
        1:1.8.0-9.el7
    NetworkManager-team:
        1:1.8.0-9.el7
    NetworkManager-tui:
        1:1.8.0-9.el7
    NetworkManager-wifi:
        1:1.8.0-9.el7
    PyYAML:
        3.11-1.el7
    ...此处省略N行

2.3.8 pkg.owner

列出指定文件是由哪个包提供的

[root@master ~]# salt '*' pkg.owner /usr/sbin/apachectl
192.168.69.202:
    httpd
[root@master ~]# salt '*' pkg.owner /usr/sbin/apachectl /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf:
        httpd
    /usr/sbin/apachectl:
        httpd

2.3.9 pkg.remove

卸载指定软件

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'rpm -qa|grep wget'
192.168.69.202:
    wget-1.14-18.el7.x86_64
[root@master ~]# salt '*' pkg.remove wget
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    wget:
        ----------
        new:
        old:
            1.14-18.el7
//若要卸载多个文件,中间需要用逗号隔开

2.3.10 pkg.upgrade

升级系统中所有的软件包或升级指定的软件包

[root@master ~]# salt '*' pkg.upgrade name=openssl
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    openssl:
        ----------
        new:
            1:1.0.2k-16.el7
        old:
            1:1.0.2k-8.el7
    openssl-libs:
        ----------
        new:
            1:1.0.2k-16.el7
        old:
            1:1.0.2k-8.el7
//若想升级系统中所有的软件包则把 name 参数去掉即可

2.4 SaltStack常用模块之state

2.4.1 state.show_highstate

显示当前系统中有哪些高级状态

[root@master ~]# salt '*' state.show_highstate
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    apache-install:
        ----------
        __env__:
            base
        __sls__:
            web.apache.apache
        pkg:
            |_
              ----------
              name:
                  httpd
            - installed
            |_
              ----------
              order:
                  10000
    apache-service:
        ----------
        __env__:
            base
        __sls__:
            web.apache.apache
        service:
            |_
              ----------
              name:
                  httpd
            |_
              ----------
              enable:
                  True
            - running
            |_
              ----------
              order:
                  10001

2.4.2 state.highstate

执行高级状态

[root@master ~]# salt '*' state.highstate web.apache.apache
192.168.69.202:
----------
          ID: apache-install
    Function: pkg.installed
        Name: httpd
      Result: True
     Comment: All specified packages are already installed
     Started: 20:07:37.012733
    Duration: 1050.73 ms
     Changes:
----------
          ID: apache-service
    Function: service.running
        Name: httpd
      Result: True
     Comment: The service httpd is already running
     Started: 20:07:38.065796
    Duration: 94.747 ms
     Changes:

Summary for 192.168.69.202
------------
Succeeded: 2
Failed:    0
------------
Total states run:     2
Total run time:   1.145 s

2.4.3 state.show_state_usage

显示当前系统中的高级状态执行情况

[root@master ~]# salt '*' state.show_state_usage
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    base:
        ----------
        count_all:
            2
        count_unused:
            1
        count_used:
            1
        unused:
            - top
        used:
            - web.apache.apache
    dev:
        ----------
        count_all:
            0
        count_unused:
            0
        count_used:
            0
        unused:
        used:
    prod:
        ----------
        count_all:
            0
        count_unused:
            0
        count_used:
            0
        unused:
        used:
    test:
        ----------
        count_all:
            0
        count_unused:
            0
        count_used:
            0
        unused:
        used:

2.4.4 state.show_top

返回minion将用于highstate的顶级数据

[root@master ~]# salt '*' state.show_top
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    base:
        - web.apache.apache

2.4.5 state.top

执行指定的top file,而不是默认的

[root@master ~]# salt '*' state.top runtime.sls
192.168.69.202:
----------
          ID: apache-install
    Function: pkg.installed
        Name: httpd
      Result: True
     Comment: All specified packages are already installed
     Started: 20:17:20.129390
    Duration: 917.659 ms
     Changes:
----------
          ID: apache-service
    Function: service.running
        Name: httpd
      Result: True
     Comment: The service httpd is already running
     Started: 20:17:21.048144
    Duration: 46.958 ms
     Changes:

Summary for 192.168.69.202
------------
Succeeded: 2
Failed:    0
------------
Total states run:     2
Total run time: 964.617 ms

2.4.6 state.show_sls

显示 master 上特定sls或sls文件列表中的状态数据

[root@master ~]# salt '*' state.show_sls web.apache.apache
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    apache-install:
        ----------
        __env__:
            base
        __sls__:
            web.apache.apache
        pkg:
            |_
              ----------
              name:
                  httpd
            - installed
            |_
              ----------
              order:
                  10000
    apache-service:
        ----------
        __env__:
            base
        __sls__:
            web.apache.apache
        service:
            |_
              ----------
              name:
                  httpd
            |_
              ----------
              enable:
                  True
            - running
            |_
              ----------
              order:
                  10001
                  ```
###2.5 SaltStack常用模块之salt-cp

**salt-cp**能够很方便的把 master 上的文件批量传到 minion上

//拷贝单个文件到目标主机的/usr/src目录下
[root@master ~]# salt '' cmd.run 'ls /usr/src/'
192.168.69.202:
debug
kernels
[root@master ~]# salt-cp '
' /etc/passwd /usr/src/
192.168.69.202:
----------
/usr/src/passwd:
True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls /usr/src'
192.168.69.202:
debug
kernels
passwd

//拷贝多个文件到目标主机的/usr/src目录下

[root@master ~]# salt-cp '' /etc/shadow /etc/group /usr/src
192.168.69.202:
----------
/usr/src/group:
True
/usr/src/shadow:
True
[root@master ~]# salt '
' cmd.run 'ls /usr/src'
192.168.69.202:
debug
group
kernels
passwd
shadow
```

2.6 SaltStack常用模块之file

2.6.1 file.access

检查指定路径是否存在

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls /usr/src'
192.168.69.202:
    debug
    group
    kernels
    passwd
    shadow
    zabbix-4.0.3
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.access /usr/src/passwd f
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.access /usr/src/abc f
192.168.69.202:
    False

检查指定文件的权限信息

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /usr/src/'
192.168.69.202:
    total 12
    drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    6 Nov  5  2016 debug
    -rw-r--r--.  1 root root  504 Feb 23 16:06 group
    drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    6 Nov  5  2016 kernels
    -rw-r--r--.  1 root root 1035 Feb 23 16:05 passwd
    -rw-r--r--.  1 root root  679 Feb 23 16:06 shadow
    drwxr-xr-x. 13 root root  208 Feb 23 16:13 zabbix-4.0.3
    
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.access /usr/src/passwd r     //是否有读权限
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.access /usr/src/passwd w     //是否有写权限
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.access /usr/src/passwd x     //是否有执行权限
192.168.69.202:
    False

2.6.2 file.append

往一个文件里追加内容,若此文件不存在则会报异常

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root/a'
192.168.69.202:
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 0 Feb 23 16:46 /root/a
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.append /root/a "hello world" "haha" "xixi"
192.168.69.202:
    Wrote 3 lines to "/root/a"
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root/a'
192.168.69.202:
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 22 Feb 23 16:51 /root/a
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'cat /root/a'
192.168.69.202:
    hello world
    haha
    xixi

2.6.3 file.basename

获取指定路径的基名

[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.basename '/root/zabbix/abc'
192.168.69.202:
    abc

2.6.4 file.dirname

获取指定路径的目录名

[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.dirname '/root/zabbix/abc'
192.168.69.202:
    /root/zabbix

2.6.5 file.check_hash

检查指定的文件与hash字符串是否匹配,匹配则返回 True 否则返回 False

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'md5sum /etc/passwd'
192.168.69.202:
    83c9a0ffa6c002fb45a0c37a767f55f8  /etc/passwd
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.check_hash /etc/passwd 83c9a0ffa6c002fb45a0c37a767f55f8
192.168.69.202:
    True

2.6.6 file.chattr

修改指定文件的属性

给指定文件添加属性

//查看当前属性
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'lsattr /root'
192.168.69.202:
    ---------------- /root/anaconda-ks.cfg
    ---------------- /root/a
    
//添加属性
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.chattr /root/a operator=add attributes=ai
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'lsattr /root'
192.168.69.202:
    ---------------- /root/anaconda-ks.cfg
    ----ia---------- /root/a

给指定文件去除属性

[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.chattr /root/a operator=remove attributes=i
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'lsattr /root'
192.168.69.202:
    ---------------- /root/anaconda-ks.cfg
    -----a---------- /root/a

2.6.7 file.chown

设置指定文件的属主、属组信息

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root/'
192.168.69.202:
    total 8
    -r--------. 1 tom  tom    22 Feb 23 16:51 a
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Jan  8 15:06 anaconda-ks.cfg
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.chown /root/a root root
192.168.69.202:
    None
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root/'
192.168.69.202:
    total 8
    -r--------. 1 root root   22 Feb 23 16:51 a
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Jan  8 15:06 anaconda-ks.cfg

2.6.8 file.copy

在远程主机上复制文件或目录

拷贝文件

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root'
192.168.69.202:
    total 8
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   22 Feb 23 16:51 a
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Jan  8 15:06 anaconda-ks.cfg
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.copy /root/a /root/cc
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root'
192.168.69.202:
    total 12
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   22 Feb 23 16:51 a
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Jan  8 15:06 anaconda-ks.cfg
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   22 Feb 24 14:57 cc

覆盖并拷贝目录,将会覆盖同名文件或目录

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root'
192.168.69.202:
    total 12
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   22 Feb 23 16:51 a
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Feb 24 15:00 anaconda-ks.cfg
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   22 Feb 24 14:57 cc
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.copy /tmp/ /root/abc recurse=True
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root'
192.168.69.202:
    total 16
    -rw-r--r--.  1 root root   22 Feb 23 16:51 a
    drwxrwxrwt. 12 root root 4096 Feb 24 15:02 abc
    -rw-------.  1 root root 1259 Feb 24 15:00 anaconda-ks.cfg
    -rw-r--r--.  1 root root   22 Feb 24 14:57 cc

删除目标目录中同名的文件或目录并拷贝新内容至其中

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root/abc'
192.168.69.202:
    total 336
    drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root      6 Feb 24 15:02 abc
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   1259 Feb 24 15:02 anaconda-ks.cfg
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 219068 Feb 24 15:02 libevent-2.0.21-4.el7.x86_64.rpm
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root  86564 Feb 24 15:02 libevent-devel-2.0.21-4.el7.x86_64.rpm
    drwxr-xr-x. 3 root root     17 Feb 24 15:02 systemd-private-07ec2f23d5a348e5b7cf1d1c0799ebd4-httpd.service-qGPJuL
    drwxr-xr-x. 3 root root     17 Feb 24 15:02 systemd-private-07ec2f23d5a348e5b7cf1d1c0799ebd4-vgauthd.service-8p0jur
    drwxr-xr-x. 3 root root     17 Feb 24 15:02 systemd-private-07ec2f23d5a348e5b7cf1d1c0799ebd4-vmtoolsd.service-ouRK2O
    drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root      6 Feb 24 15:02 systemd-private-07ec2f23d5a348e5b7cf1d1c0799ebd4-vmtoolsd.service-ouRK2Ovmware-root
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root    493 Feb 24 15:02 yum_save_tx.2019-02-22.14-22.RXRzka.yumtx
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root  22692 Feb 24 15:02 zabbix_agentd.log
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /opt/abc'
192.168.69.202:
    total 0
    drwx------. 3 root root 17 Jan  7 16:41 systemd-private-fdaaf26c12984e209f544671b67c1951-vgauthd.service-kI2C1K
    drwx------. 3 root root 17 Jan  7 16:41 systemd-private-fdaaf26c12984e209f544671b67c1951-vmtoolsd.service-ZzRiqC
    
    
//拷贝目录
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.copy /opt/abc/ /root/abc/ recurse=True remove_existing=True
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root/abc'
192.168.69.202:
    total 0
    drwx------. 3 root root 17 Jan  7 16:41 systemd-private-fdaaf26c12984e209f544671b67c1951-vgauthd.service-kI2C1K
    drwx------. 3 root root 17 Jan  7 16:41 systemd-private-fdaaf26c12984e209f544671b67c1951-vmtoolsd.service-ZzRiqC

2.6.9 file.ditectory_exists

判断指定目录是否存在,存在则返回 True ,否则返回 False

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /opt'
192.168.69.202:
    total 40
    -rw-r--r--.  1 root root 1664 Aug 30  2017 CentOS-Base.repo
    -rw-r--r--.  1 root root 1309 Aug 30  2017 CentOS-CR.repo
    -rw-r--r--.  1 root root  649 Aug 30  2017 CentOS-Debuginfo.repo
    -rw-r--r--.  1 root root  630 Aug 30  2017 CentOS-Media.repo
    -rw-r--r--.  1 root root 1331 Aug 30  2017 CentOS-Sources.repo
    -rw-r--r--.  1 root root 3830 Aug 30  2017 CentOS-Vault.repo
    -rw-r--r--.  1 root root  314 Aug 30  2017 CentOS-fasttrack.repo
    drwxr-xr-x.  4 root root  165 Feb 19 09:20 abc
    drwxr-xr-x. 81 root root 8192 Feb 22 11:21 etc
    drwxr-xr-x.  4 root root  165 Feb 19 09:20 test
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.directory_exists /opt/abc
192.168.69.202:
    True

2.6.10 file.diskusage

递归计算指定路径的磁盘使用情况并以字节为单位返回

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'du -sb /opt'
192.168.69.202:
    27166275    /opt
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.diskusage /opt
192.168.69.202:
    27060683

2.6.11 file.file_exists

判断指定文件是否存在

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root/'
192.168.69.202:
    total 12
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   22 Feb 23 16:51 a
    drwxr-xr-x. 4 root root  165 Feb 19 09:20 abc
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Feb 24 15:00 anaconda-ks.cfg
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   22 Feb 24 14:57 cc
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.file_exists /root/a
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.file_exists /root/abc
192.168.69.202:
    False   //返回False是因为abc是目录而非文件

2.6.12 file.find

类似 find 命令并返回符合指定条件的路径列表

The options include match criteria:

name    = path-glob                 # case sensitive
iname   = path-glob                 # case insensitive
regex   = path-regex                # case sensitive
iregex  = path-regex                # case insensitive
type    = file-types                # match any listed type
user    = users                     # match any listed user
group   = groups                    # match any listed group
size    = [+-]number[size-unit]     # default unit = byte
mtime   = interval                  # modified since date
grep    = regex                     # search file contents

and/or actions:

delete [= file-types]               # default type = 'f'
exec    = command [arg ...]         # where {} is replaced by pathname

and/or depth criteria:

maxdepth = maximum depth to transverse in path
mindepth = minimum depth to transverse before checking files or directories

The default action is print=path

path-glob:

*                = match zero or more chars
?                = match any char
[abc]            = match a, b, or c
[!abc] or [^abc] = match anything except a, b, and c
[x-y]            = match chars x through y
[!x-y] or [^x-y] = match anything except chars x through y
{a,b,c}          = match a or b or c

path-regex: a Python Regex (regular expression) pattern to match pathnames

file-types: a string of one or more of the following:

a: all file types
b: block device
c: character device
d: directory
p: FIFO (named pipe)
f: plain file
l: symlink
s: socket

users: a space and/or comma separated list of user names and/or uids

groups: a space and/or comma separated list of group names and/or gids

size-unit:

b: bytes
k: kilobytes
m: megabytes
g: gigabytes
t: terabytes

interval:

[<num>w] [<num>d] [<num>h] [<num>m] [<num>s]

where:
    w: week
    d: day
    h: hour
    m: minute
    s: second
    ```
**print-opts: a comma and/or space separated list of one or more of the following:**

group: group name
md5: MD5 digest of file contents
mode: file permissions (as integer)
mtime: last modification time (as time_t)
name: file basename
path: file absolute path
size: file size in bytes
type: file type
user: user name
```
示例:

salt '*' file.find / type=f name=\*.bak size=+10m
salt '*' file.find /var mtime=+30d size=+10m print=path,size,mtime
salt '*' file.find /var/log name=\*.[0-9] mtime=+30d size=+10m delete

2.6.13 file.get_gid

获取指定文件的gid

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root/a'
192.168.69.202:
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 22 Feb 23 16:51 /root/a
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.get_gid /root/a
192.168.69.202:
    0

2.6.14 file.get_group

获取指定文件的组名

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root/a'
192.168.69.202:
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 22 Feb 23 16:51 /root/a
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.get_group /root/a
192.168.69.202:
    root

2.6.15 file.get_hash

获取指定文件的hash值,该值通过 sha256 算法得来

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'sha256sum /root/a'
192.168.69.202:
    11129dfb248c6bc5784c1d439877552aa34f3408f14dbb38572e802e4831b77a  /root/a
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.get_hash /root/a
192.168.69.202:
    11129dfb248c6bc5784c1d439877552aa34f3408f14dbb38572e802e4831b77a

2.6.16 file.get_mode

获取指定文件的权限,以数字方式显示

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root/a'
192.168.69.202:
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 22 Feb 23 16:51 /root/a
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.get_mode /root/a
192.168.69.202:
    0644

2.6.17 file.get_selinux_context

获取指定文件的 SELINUX 上下文信息

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -Z /root/a'
192.168.69.202:
    -rw-r--r--. root root unconfined_u:object_r:admin_home_t:s0 /root/a
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.get_selinux_context /root/a
192.168.69.202:
    unconfined_u:object_r:admin_home_t:s0

2.6.18 file.get_sum

按照指定的算法计算指定文件的特征码并显示,默认使用的sha256算法。
该函数可使用的算法参数有:

  • md5
  • sha1
  • sha224
  • sha256 (default)
  • sha384
  • sha512
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'sha256sum /root/a'
192.168.69.202:
    11129dfb248c6bc5784c1d439877552aa34f3408f14dbb38572e802e4831b77a  /root/a
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.get_sum /root/a
192.168.69.202:
    11129dfb248c6bc5784c1d439877552aa34f3408f14dbb38572e802e4831b77a
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'md5sum /root/a'
192.168.69.202:
    671ded4ec86c82a8779c8df17823f810  /root/a
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.get_sum /root/a md5
192.168.69.202:
    671ded4ec86c82a8779c8df17823f810

2.6.19 file.get_uid与file.get_user

获取指定文件的 uid 或 用户名

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root/a'
192.168.69.202:
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 22 Feb 23 16:51 /root/a
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.get_uid /root/a
192.168.69.202:
    0
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.get_user /root/a
192.168.69.202:
    root

2.6.20 file.gid_to_group

将指定的 gid 转换为组名并显示

[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.gid_to_group 1000
192.168.69.202:
    tom
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.gid_to_group 0
192.168.69.202:
    root

2.6.21 file.group_to_gid

将指定的组名转换为 gid 并显示

[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.group_to_gid root
192.168.69.202:
    0
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.group_to_gid tom
192.168.69.202:
    1000

2.6.22 file.grep

在指定文件中检索指定内容
该函数支持通配符,若在指定的路径中用通配符则必须用双引号引起来

salt '*' file.grep /etc/passwd nobody
salt '*' file.grep /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 ipaddr -- -i
salt '*' file.grep /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 ipaddr -- -i -B2
salt '*' file.grep "/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/*" ipaddr -- -i -l

2.6.23 file.is_blkdev

判断指定的文件是否是块设备文件

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /dev/sr0'
192.168.69.202:
brw-rw----. 1 root cdrom 11, 0 Feb 23 17:13 /dev/sr0
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.is_blkdev /dev/sr0
192.168.69.202:
True

2.6.24 file.lsattr

检查并显示出指定文件的属性信息

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'lsattr /root/a'
192.168.69.202:
    ---------------- /root/a
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'chattr +i /root/a'
192.168.69.202:
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'lsattr /root/a'
192.168.69.202:
    ----i----------- /root/a
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.lsattr /root/a
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    /root/a:
        - i

2.6.25 file.mkdir

创建目录并设置属主、属组及权限

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root'
192.168.69.202:
    total 16
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:16 a
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Feb 24 15:00 anaconda-ks.cfg
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:16 cc
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:18 cca
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.mkdir /root/abc
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root'
192.168.69.202:
    total 16
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:16 a
    drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root    6 Feb 24 17:05 abc
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Feb 24 15:00 anaconda-ks.cfg
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:16 cc
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:18 cca
    
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.mkdir /root/haha tom tom 400
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root/'
192.168.69.202:
    total 16
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:16 a
    drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root    6 Feb 24 17:05 abc
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Feb 24 15:00 anaconda-ks.cfg
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:16 cc
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:18 cca
    dr--------. 2 tom  tom     6 Feb 24 17:07 haha

2.6.26 file.move

移动或重命名

//重命名
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root'
192.168.69.202:
    total 20
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:16 a
    drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root    6 Feb 24 17:05 abc
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Feb 24 15:00 anaconda-ks.cfg
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:16 b
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:16 cc
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:18 cca
    dr--------. 2 tom  tom     6 Feb 24 17:07 haha
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.move /root/a /root/b
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    comment:
        '/root/a' moved to '/root/b'
    result:
        True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root'
192.168.69.202:
    total 16
    drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root    6 Feb 24 17:05 abc
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Feb 24 15:00 anaconda-ks.cfg
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:16 b
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:16 cc
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:18 cca
    dr--------. 2 tom  tom     6 Feb 24 17:07 haha
    
    
//移动
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root'
192.168.69.202:
    total 16
    drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root    6 Feb 24 17:05 abc
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Feb 24 15:00 anaconda-ks.cfg
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:16 b
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:16 cc
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:18 cca
    dr--------. 2 tom  tom     6 Feb 24 17:07 haha
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /opt'
192.168.69.202:
    total 0
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.move /root/cc /opt/
salt '*' file.move /root/cc /opt/
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    comment:
        '/root/cc' moved to '/opt/'
    result:
        True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /opt'
192.168.69.202:
    total 4
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 26 Feb 24 16:16 cc

2.6.27 file.prepend

把文本插入指定文件的开头

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'cat /root/b'
192.168.69.202:
    hello world
    hello runtime
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.prepend /root/b "hehe" "xixi" "haha"
192.168.69.202:
    Prepended 3 lines to "/root/b"
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'cat /root/b'
192.168.69.202:
    hehe
    xixi
    haha
    hello world
    hello runtime

2.6.28 file.sed

修改文本文件的内容

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'cat /root/b'
192.168.69.202:
    hehe
    xixi
    haha
    hello hello hello hello  world
    hello runtime
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.sed /root/b 'hello' 'runtime'
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    pid:
        25170
    retcode:
        0
    stderr:
    stdout:
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'cat /root/b'
192.168.69.202:
    hehe
    xixi
    haha
    runtime runtime runtime runtime  world
    runtime runtime
    
    
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'cat /root/b'
192.168.69.202:
    hehe
    xixi
    haha
    hello hello hello hello  world
    hello hello
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.sed /root/b 'hello' 'runtime' flags=2
192.168.69.202:
    ----------
    pid:
        25590
    retcode:
        0
    stderr:
    stdout:
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'cat /root/b'
192.168.69.202:
    hehe
    xixi
    haha
    hello runtime hello hello  world
    hello runtime

2.6.29 file.read

读取文件内容

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'cat /root/cca'
192.168.69.202:
    hello world
    hello runtime
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.read /root/cca
192.168.69.202:
    hello world
    hello runtime

2.6.30 file.readdir

列出指定目录下的所有文件或目录,包括隐藏文件

[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.readdir /root
192.168.69.202:
    - .
    - ..
    - .bash_logout
    - .bash_profile
    - .bashrc
    - .cshrc
    - .tcshrc
    - .bash_history
    - .local
    - .config
    - .pki
    - .ICE-unix
    - .X11-unix
    - .XIM-unix
    - .font-unix
    - .Test-unix
    - anaconda-ks.cfg
    - cca
    - abc
    - haha
    - b.bak
    - b
    - .viminfo

2.6.31 file.remove

删除指定的文件或目录,若给出的是目录,将递归删除

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root/'
192.168.69.202:
    total 16
    drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root    6 Feb 24 17:05 abc
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Feb 24 15:00 anaconda-ks.cfg
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   62 Feb 24 17:29 b
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   58 Feb 24 17:29 b.bak
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:18 cca
    dr--------. 2 tom  tom     6 Feb 24 17:07 haha
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.remove /root/b
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.remove /root/abc
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root/'
192.168.69.202:
    total 12
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Feb 24 15:00 anaconda-ks.cfg
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   58 Feb 24 17:29 b.bak
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:18 cca
    dr--------. 2 tom  tom     6 Feb 24 17:07 haha

2.6.32 file.rename

重命名文件或目录

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root/'
192.168.69.202:
    total 12
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Feb 24 15:00 anaconda-ks.cfg
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   58 Feb 24 17:29 b.bak
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:18 cca
    dr--------. 2 tom  tom     6 Feb 24 17:07 haha
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.rename /root/b.bak /root/b
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root/'
192.168.69.202:
    total 12
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Feb 24 15:00 anaconda-ks.cfg
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   58 Feb 24 17:29 b
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:18 cca
    dr--------. 2 tom  tom     6 Feb 24 17:07 haha

2.6.33 file.set_mode

给指定文件设置权限

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root'
192.168.69.202:
    total 12
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Feb 24 15:00 anaconda-ks.cfg
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   58 Feb 24 17:29 b
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:18 cca
    dr--------. 2 tom  tom     6 Feb 24 17:07 haha
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.set_mode /root/b 0400
192.168.69.202:
    0400
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root'
192.168.69.202:
    total 12
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Feb 24 15:00 anaconda-ks.cfg
    -r--------. 1 root root   58 Feb 24 17:29 b
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:18 cca
    dr--------. 2 tom  tom     6 Feb 24 17:07 haha

2.6.34 file.symlink

给指定的文件创建软链接

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root/'
192.168.69.202:
    total 12
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Feb 24 15:00 anaconda-ks.cfg
    -r--------. 1 root root   58 Feb 24 17:29 b
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:18 cca
    dr--------. 2 tom  tom     6 Feb 24 17:07 haha
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.symlink /root/b /opt/a
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /root;ls -l /opt/'
192.168.69.202:
    total 12
    -rw-------. 1 root root 1259 Feb 24 15:00 anaconda-ks.cfg
    -r--------. 1 root root   58 Feb 24 17:29 b
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root root   26 Feb 24 16:18 cca
    dr--------. 2 tom  tom     6 Feb 24 17:07 haha
    total 4
    lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root   root   7 Mar  1 18:18 a -> /root/b
    -rw-rw-r--. 1 zabbix zabbix 4 Feb 28 08:38 jjyy

2.6.35 file.touch

创建空文件或更新时间戳

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /opt'
192.168.69.202:
    total 4
    lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root   root   7 Mar  1 18:18 a -> /root/b
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root   root   0 Mar  1 18:21 aa
    -rw-rw-r--. 1 zabbix zabbix 4 Feb 28 08:38 jjyy
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.touch /opt/cc
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.touch /opt/aa
192.168.69.202:
    True
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'ls -l /opt'
192.168.69.202:
    total 4
    lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root   root   7 Mar  1 18:18 a -> /root/b
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root   root   0 Mar  1 18:22 aa
    -rw-r--r--. 1 root   root   0 Mar  1 18:22 cc
    -rw-rw-r--. 1 zabbix zabbix 4 Feb 28 08:38 jjyy

2.6.36 file.uid_to_user

将指定的 uid 转换成用户名显示出来

[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.uid_to_user 0
192.168.69.202:
    root
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.uid_to_user 1000
192.168.69.202:
    tom

2.6.37 file.user_to_uid

将指定的用户转换成 uid 并显示出来

[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.user_to_uid tom
192.168.69.202:
    1000
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.user_to_uid root
192.168.69.202:
    0

2.6.38 file.write

往一个指定的文件里覆盖写入指定内容

[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'cat /root/b'
192.168.69.202:
    I'm sean
[root@master ~]# salt '*' file.write /root/b "I'm tom" "haha" "xixi"
192.168.69.202:
    Wrote 3 lines to "/root/b"
[root@master ~]# salt '*' cmd.run 'cat /root/b'
192.168.69.202:
    I'm tom
    haha
    xixi